What is Gingivoplasty?
November 8, 2014
The term gingivoplasty is a type of gum surgery that is used to reshape healthy gum tissue surrounding the teeth.
The Gingivoplasty procedure was originally created to treat periodontal disease. But is more commonly used to remove overgrown gum tissue and to improve the overall appearance of the gums today.
Gum tissue may need to be removed for one of two reasons:
- Pocket or gap formation between the teeth and gums.
This can trap bits of food, which creates a bacteria breeding that is difficult to clean and keep clean. If the pockets involve only soft tissue, they can be removed by a gingivectomy.
- Excessive gum tissue.
Too much gum tissue can make it difficult to keep the teeth and gums clean. In severe cases, this condition can interfere with everyday tasks such as speech and chewing.
How to Prepare
Before a gingivoplasty surgery, you must receive a thorough cleaning. This cleaning will remove any tartar (calculus) and bacteria (plaque) from the pockets around your teeth. After the procedure, your oral surgeon will talk to you about post-op care.
How it’s Done
Usually a scalpel is used to do a gingivoplasty. However, it can also be done with electro-surgery or laser units. Your oral surgeon may use special tools designed for gingivectomies.
Before the procedure, you will receive a local anesthetic to numb the gums. A gingivectomy can take anywhere from a few minutes to more than an hour. The length of time the procedure lasts is ultimately up to how much tissue is being removed. Gingivoplasties are typically done within a couple of minutes.
What are the Risks?
There are not any major risks associated with a gingivoplasty procedure. Infection and prolonged bleeding may occur, but are unusual outcomes. The affected area may ooze blood for the first 24 to 48 hours. After that, it shouldn’t bleed much at all.
When to call a Professional?
You should call an oral surgeon if:
- You have ongoing bleeding
- You think the area may be infected
- Lymph nodes beneath your lower jaw or in your neck become swollen
- You have a lot of discharge or swelling from the surgical area
- You have excessive pain that is not controlled by the medicine prescribed for you
Contact a Wilmington Maxillofacial Surgeon Today!
If you’re having pain or swelling from a gingivoplasty procedure or you think you may need to have a gingivoplasty procedure, then call Dr. Hasson at Wilmington Oral Surgery or make an appointment by contacting us at 910-793-0440 today!